Submitted to: Developments in Biologicals
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: August 31, 2005
Publication Date: February 2, 2006
Citation: Swayne, D.E. 2006. Occupational and consumer risks from Avian Influenza viruses. Developments in Biologicals. (Basel)124:85-90. Interpretive Summary: Human infections have been caused by avian influenza (AI) viruses, but they have been rare. Most of the infections have involved an AI virus from Holland (H7N7) and viruses from Asia (H5N1). These viruses cause severe disease and death in chickens and are termed highly pathogenic AI viruses. For human infections, people who work directly with poultry have had the greatest risk for infection. In Asia, the exposure has been to infected chickens and other poultry grown in backyards or small farms, and not commercial poultry. No human infections have been documented from the consumption of infected or contaminated poultry products, but AI virus can be present in meat of chickens infected with highly pathogenic AI viruses. Heat, through cooking or pasteurization kills AI viruses. Vaccination of poultry will prevent highly pathogenic AI virus in meat.