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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Effect of Repeated Glyphosate Use on Weed Communities in a Soybean-Corn Rotation

Authors
item Hartzler, Robert - IA STATE UNIVERSITY
item Singer, Jeremy
item Buhler, Douglas - MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY
item Kohler, Keith

Submitted to: Crop Management at www.cropmanagement.org
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: December 28, 2005
Publication Date: March 8, 2006
Citation: Hartzler, R.G., Singer, J.W., Buhler, D.D., Kohler, K.A. 2006. Effect of repeated glyphosate use on weed communities in a soybean-corn rotation. Crop Management at www.cropmanagement.org.doi:10.1094/CM-2006-0308-01-RS.

Interpretive Summary: Five weed management systems, ranging from total reliance on glyphosate to no glyphosate, were evaluated over a four year period (1998-2001) in a soybean-corn rotation in chisel plow and no-tillage systems. All treatments provided acceptable levels of weed control during the 4 yr period, with a maximum end-of-season weed density of less than 27 weeds/100 ft2 in the glyphosate only treatment during the fourth year of the study. The dominant weed was dandelion. While occasional differences in control were observed among treatments, they were minor and weed escapes were not sufficient to impact crop yields. The glyphosate only treatment in soybean outyielded other treatments in 2000, but yields were not affected by weed management system in the other years. The weed management systems imposed during the four years of the study did not influence weed density or composition that emerged during 2002 when no herbicides were applied. While all systems provided high levels of weed control, the glyphosate only system did allow nearly a 66% reduction in herbicide use compared with the system relying on conventional preemergence and postemergence herbicides. This information will be useful to other agricultural Scientists, Extension agents and producers.

Technical Abstract: Five weed management systems, ranging from total reliance on glyphosate to no glyphosate, were evaluated over a four year period (1998-2001) in a soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.]-corn (Zea mays L.) rotation in chisel and no-tillage systems. All treatments provided acceptable levels of weed control during the 4 yr period, with a maximum end-of-season weed density of less than 27 weeds/100 ft2 in the glyphosate only treatment during the fourth year of the study. The dominant weed was dandelion. While occasional differences in control were observed among treatments, they were minor and weed escapes were not sufficient to impact crop yields. The glyphosate only treatment in soybean outyielded other treatments in 2000, but yields were not affected by weed management system in the other years. The weed management systems imposed during the four years of the study did not influence weed density or composition that emerged during 2002 when no herbicides were applied. Giant foxtail, velvetleaf and Amaranthus spp. were more prevalent in the chisel plow system than in no-tillage at the conclusion of the experiment, whereas dandelion was present at higher densities in the no-tillage system. While all systems provided high levels of weed control, the glyphosate only system did allow nearly a 66% reduction in herbicide use compared with the system relying on conventional preemergence and postemergence herbicides.

Last Modified: 4/18/2014
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