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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Application of a Molecular Marker for Berry Seed Size to Two Populations of Grapevines (Vitis Species) Developed in a Breeding Program

item Ryan, Frederick
item Ramming, David

Submitted to: HortScience
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: March 31, 2005
Publication Date: July 1, 2005
Citation: Ryan, F.J., Ramming, D.W. 2005. Application of a molecular marker for berry seed size to two populations of grapevines (vitis species) developed in a breeding program. [abstract]. HortScience 40 (4):1069

Technical Abstract: The development of grapevines with berries with small seed traces, so-called seedless grapes, is a costly process. Marker assisted selection would save time and money. Adam-Blondin et al. (Vitis 40: 147 2001) demonstrated that a sequence characterized amplified region, SCC8, could identify seedless grapevine cultivars in European accessions of Vitis vinifera L. We have applied this marker to two populations of grapevines in a breeding program in California. One population consisted of 100 individuals while the second had 109. The two crosses had a common female parent, derived from Flame Seedless. Fruit were evaluated over several seasons for total weight of seeds or traces. DNA was isolated from leaves during the spring. Amplification was carried out with SCC8 primers, followed by digestion with Bgl II, and agarose gel electrophoresis. Individuals were scored as homozygous SCC8+ (small seeded), heterozygous SCC8+/scc8- (intermediate sized seeds), or homozygous scc8- (large seeded) and mean total seed weight per berry was calculated for each genetic class. In the first population, the number of individuals in the inferred genotypes fit an expected 1:2:1 distribution and seed weights for each genetic class were reasonable. For the second population, it was necessary to postulate a null allele in one parent, with a 1:1:1:1 expected distribution for genotypes SCC8+/SCC8+, SCC8+/null, SCC8+/scc8-, and scc8-/null. The actual distribution was in agreement with this model.The genotype SCC8+/null had the SCC8+ marker and total seed weight greater than 10 mg per berry. Large seeded individuals and heterozygotes are reliably identified with this marker.

Last Modified: 4/21/2015
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