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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Effects of Body Weight and Plane of Nutrition on Histological Development of Mammary Tissue in Holstein Heifers.

Authors
item Daniels, K - VPI&SU
item Mcgilliarda, M - VPI&SU
item Boyle, P - VPI&SU
item Neter, M - CORNELL UNIVERSITY
item Van Amburgh, M - CORNELL UNIVERSITY
item Capuco, Anthony
item Akers, R - VPI&SU

Submitted to: Joint Abstracts of the American Dairy Science and Society of Animal Science
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: February 20, 2005
Publication Date: July 1, 2005
Citation: Daniels, K.M., Mcgilliarda, M.L., Boyle, P.L., Neter, M.J., Van Amburgh, M.E., Capuco, A.V., Akers, R.M. 2005. Effects of body weight and plane of nutrition on histological development of mammary tissue in Holstein heifers [abstract]. J. Dairy Science. 83(1):288.

Technical Abstract: Our objective was to determine effects of rate of gain and body weight (BW) on udder development. Mammary tissue samples were available from heifers (n = 54) reared on one of two dietary treatments (Moderate (M) 650 g/d or High (H) 950 g/d of daily gain), and slaughtered at 150, 200, 250, 300, or 350 kg BW. At slaughter, mammary parenchymal samples were excised, preserved, prepared for histology, and stained with hematoxylin and eosin. Representative digital images of tissue sections were captured for analysis. Tissue areas occupied by interlobular stroma, epithelium, lumen, and intralobular stroma were measured (um2) and the numbers of epithelial and luminal structures per image were tabulated (Image-Pro Plus software, Version 4.5). Mean percentages of mammary parenchyma occupied by interlobular stroma, epithelium, lumen, and intralobular stroma were 28, 20, 7, and 45%, respectively; percentages did not differ by BW or treatment, nor was there an interaction between treatment and BW. Number of epithelial (31 +/- 6 vs. 47 +/- 5) and luminal (24 +/- 5 vs. 38 +/- 4) structures per image increased between 150 and 350 kg BW. For heifers slaughtered between 150 and 350 kg of BW, alterations in the rate of gain between 650 and 950 g/d, accomplished by feeding varying amounts of the same diet, had no significant effect on tissue characteristics or the pattern of mammary parenchymal development. Perhaps with other diets, effects on tissue parenchyma composition would be noted. These data support the hypothesis that the length of time between birth and slaughter, not plane of nutrition, plays the predominant role in determining the amount of mammary parenchyma a heifer will have.

Last Modified: 11/22/2014
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