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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Fuel Properties and Nox Emission Levels of Biodiesel Fuels Produced from Animal Fats

item Wyatt, Victor
item Hess, Melissa
item Foglia, Thomas
item Haas, Michael
item Marmer, William

Submitted to: Annual Meeting and Expo of the American Oil Chemists' Society
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: February 26, 2005
Publication Date: May 1, 2005
Citation: Wyatt, V.T., Hess, M.A., Foglia, T.A., Haas, M.J., Marmer, W.N. 2005. Fuel properties and nox emission levels of biodiesel fuels produced from animal fats [abstract]. Annual Meeting and Expo of the American Oil Chemists' Society. p. 58.

Technical Abstract: Fatty acid methyl esters of lard, beef tallow, and chicken fat were prepared by base-catalyzed transesterification for use as biodiesel fuels. Selected fuel properties of the fat-derived methyl esters were determined and found to meet ASTM specifications. The cold-flow properties of the B100 fat derived fuels were measured. Nitrogen oxide (NOx) emission tests also were conducted with the animal fat-derived esters and compared to soy oil biodiesel as 20 vol% blends in petroleum diesel. In general, the cold temperature properties of the fat-based biodiesel fuels were less desirable than those of soy-based biodiesel. However, the data indicated that all three animal fat-based biodiesel fuels had lower NOx emission levels than did the soy-based biodiesel.

Last Modified: 4/22/2015
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