|Plumb, John - AUBURN UNIVERSITY|
Submitted to: Compendium
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: January 6, 2005
Publication Date: May 30, 2006
Citation: CAB International 2006. Plumb, J.A., Evans, J.J. Edwardsiella septicaemia. (Updated from Plumb JA, 1999. Edwardsiella Septicaemias. In: Woo PTK and Bruno DW, eds. Fish Diseases and Disorders, Volume 3, Bacterial and Fungal Infections. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.) In: Aquaculture Compendium. Online at www.cabicompendium.org/ac. Wallingford, UK: CAB International. Interpretive Summary: The genus Edwardsiella includes two species of bacteria that cause major diseases in fish: Edwardsiella tarda (Ewing et al., 1965) infects fish and other animals and Edwardsiella ictaluri (Hawke, 1979) infects fish only. A third species, Edwardsiella hoshinae (Grimont et al., 1980), infects birds and reptiles. Edwardsiella tarda produces the disease commonly known as fish gangrene, emphysematous putrefactive disease of catfish or red disease of eels and hereafter known in this text as Edwardsiella septicaemia (ES), and E. ictaluri causes 'enteric septicaemia of catfish' (ESC). Because E. tarda and E. ictaluri produce distinctively different diseases, they are discussed separately. Edwardsiella septicemia is a serious systemic bacterial infection of cultured channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) (Meyer and Bullock 1973) in the United States. In Japan and Taiwan it is a serious infection, called red disease, of cultured Japanese eels (Anguilla japonica) (Egusa, 1976) and Japanese flounder (Paralichthys olivaceous) (Nakatsugawa, 1983). In addition E. tarda occasionally produces infection in a variety of other fish species in the United States, Asia and elsewhere. Edwardsiella tatda infects freshwater and marine fishes, reptiles and amphibians and mammals throughout the world.
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