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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Spatial Variation in Remnant Black Grama Plants in a Creosote-Dominated Bajada

Authors
item Mariotto, Isabella - NEW MEXICO STATE UNIV
item Peters, Debra
item Havstad, Kris
item Murray, Leigh - NEW MEXICO STATE UNIV

Submitted to: Chihuahuan Desert Symposium
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: October 1, 2004
Publication Date: October 15, 2004
Citation: Mariotto, I., Peters, D.C., Havstad, K.M., Murray, L. 2004. Spatial variation in remnant black grama plants in a creosote-dominated bajada [abstract]. Sixth Symposium on the Natural Resources of the Chihuahuan Desert Region, October 14-17, 2004, Alpine, Texas. p. 33.

Technical Abstract: Much of the Chihuahuan Desert has converted from perennial grasslands to shrub-dominated systems over the past century. Although shrub-dominated systems appear homogeneous with very few grass plants, observations suggest that perennial grasses can occur within these areas. Our overall objective was to quantify the presence and abundance of the perennial grass, Bouteloua eriopoda (black grama), in creosotebush-dominated bajadas at the Jornada Experimental Range in southern New Mexico. In 2002 and 2003, we obtained the geo-referenced location, aspect, two diameters, and location within shrub canopies for all black grama plants in a 530 m x 550 m area located inside and outside an exclosure constructed in the 1930s. Spatial data layers in a GIS were used as explanatory variables in our analyses. Our results show that a total of 3335 black grama plants were found with an average density of 0.01 plants/m2. Most black grama plants were found inside and adjacent to arroyos (66.7%), at a northern aspect (47%), and outside the exclosure (62%). Black grama most likely dominated this site in 1858, although by 1915 the area was dominated by tarbush, and by 1998 it was dominated by creosote. Thus, the source population for these current black grama plants is most likely remnant plants that historically dominated the area, although seed inputs from nearby mountainous pastures are also possible. Our results showing the location of black grama plants within creosote-dominated systems can be used for remediation of these areas.

Last Modified: 11/28/2014