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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Changes in Adiposity Status from Childhood to Young Adulthood

item Deshmukh-Taskar, Priya - BAYLOR COLLEGE OF MED
item Ponnusamy, Chitra - BAYLOR COLLEGE OF MED
item Morales, Miriam - BAYLOR COLLEGE OF MED
item Nicklas, Theresa

Submitted to: Journal Of The American Dietetic Association
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: August 1, 2003
Publication Date: September 1, 2003
Citation: Deshmukh-Taskar, P., Ponnusamy, C., Morales, M., Nicklas, T. 2003. Changes in adiposity status from childhood to young adulthood. Journal Of The American Dietetic Association. 103(9):A-53.


Technical Abstract: Childhood obesity is a public health problem. To understand tracking of body weight from childhood to young adulthood, a longitudinal sample of 841 young adults, ages 19-35 years (68% Euro-Americans (EA) , 32% African-Americans (AA)) was studied. These subjects had also participated in any one of five cross-sectional surveys at age 10 years. Body mass index (BMI) was used to determine the overweight status according to the CDC standard of BMI >= 85th percentile. Change in BMI status from childhood (baseline) to young adulthood (follow-up) was used to group the participants into adiposity categories. The baseline mean BMI and baseline adiposity status were positively correlated to the follow-up mean BMI (r = .66) and follow-up adiposity status (r =.39), p <.000l. From baseline to follow-up, the percent of overweight participants increased from 25% to 58%. This increase was due to an alarming shift of 35% of the normal weight participants at baseline into the overweight category in young adulthood (p <.0001). However, only 2.3% of the overweight participants became normal weight in young adulthood (p <.0001). From childhood to young adulthood, the tracking in mean BMI quartile status was 27% (kappa = . 27) among the EA males; 23% (kappa =. 23) among the EA females; 27% (kappa =. 27) among AA males; and 35% (kappa =. 35) among AA females, respectively (p <.001). Also, 20-40% of the participants moved into a higher quartile in young adulthood. These results demonstrate important changes of adiposity status from childhood to young adulthood.

Last Modified: 5/5/2015
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