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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Comparison of Dietary Intakes Associated with Metabolic Syndrome Risk Factors in Young Adults: the Bogalusa Heart Study

Authors
item Yoo, Sunmi - DANKOOK UNIV COLL OF MED
item Nicklas, Theresa
item Baranowski, Thomas
item Zakeri, Issa
item Yang, Su-Jau - BAYLOR COLLEGE OF MED
item Srinivasan, Sathanur - TULANE UNIVERSITY
item Berenson, Gerald - TULANE UNIVERSITY

Submitted to: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: February 1, 2004
Publication Date: October 1, 2004
Citation: Yoo, S., Nicklas, T., Baranowski, T., Zakeri, I., Yang, S., Srinivasan, S.R., Berenson, G.S. 2004. Comparison of dietary intakes associated with metabolic syndrome risk factors in young adults: the Bogalusa Heart Study. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 80:841-848.

Interpretive Summary: The objective of this study was to examine dietary intakes in 1181 young adults aged 19-38 y; in relation to metabolic syndrome risk factors in the Bogalusa Heart Study. Participants were stratified into 3 groups according to the number of risk factors associated with the metabolic syndrome according to the diagnostic criteria of the National Cholesterol Education Program, and dietary intakes were compared between the groups with a cross-sectional analysis. After adjustment for age, total energy intake, body mass index, and physical activity, mean intakes of fruit, fruit juice, and vegetables were significantly higher in subjects who had no risk factors than in subjects who had 1-2 risk factors. The mean intake sweetened beverages was lower in subjects who had no risk factors than in subjects who had 1-2 risk factors or greater than or equal to 3 risk factors among whites but not among African Americans. Our results suggest that low fruit and vegetable consumption are high sweetened beverage consumption are independently associated with the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in specific sex-ethnicity populations.

Technical Abstract: Previous studies suggested that dietary intakes affect individual risk factors associated with metabolic syndrome. The objective of this study was to examine dietary intakes in 1181 young adults aged 19-38 y; (38.1% men; 25% African Americans and 75% whites) in relation to metabolic syndrome risk factors in the Bogalusa Heart Study. Participants were stratified into 3 groups according to the number of risk factors (0, 1-2, >=3) associated with the metabolic syndrome according to the diagnostic criteria of the National Cholesterol Education Program, and dietary intakes were compared between the groups with a cross-sectional analysis. After adjustment for age, total energy intake, body mass index, and physical activity, mean (+/- SE)intakes of fruit, fruit juice, and vegetables were significantly higher in subjects who had no risk factors than in subjects who had 1-2 risk factors (3.30 +/- 0.09 compared with 2.99 +/- 0.07 servings/d; P < 0.05). The mean intake sweetened beverages was lower in subjects who had no risk factors than in subjects who had 1-2 risk factors or greater than or equal to 3 risk factors among whites (1.45 +/- 0.08 compared with 1.77 +/- 0.07 and 2.22 +/- 0.15 serving/d, respectively, in men; 1.26 +/- 0.06 compared with 1.62 +/- 0.05 and 1.78 +/- 0.13 servings/d, respectively, in women; P < 0.001) but not among African Americans. Our results suggest that low fruit and vegetable consumption are high sweetened beverage consumption are independently associated with the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in specific sex-ethnicity populations.

Last Modified: 9/2/2014
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