Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: August 8, 2004
Publication Date: July 15, 2005
Citation: Bowman, S.A. 2005. Dietary and lifestyle practices of normal weight and overweight US adults. In: Ferrera, L.A., editor. Body Mass Index: New Research. NOVA Science Publishers, Inc. Hauppauge, NY. p. 123-145.
This study examines socio-economic characteristics and dietary and lifestyle practices of a nationally representative sample of free-living, overweight and normal weight adults in the USDA's Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals 1994-1996 (CSFII). Survey design effects were included in the analyses. Males, African Americans, low-income adults, adults who had high school education or less, and adults ages 40 years and over are more likely to be overweight than others. On a typical day, overweight adults consumed 93 kilocalories more energy, more total fat, and more saturated fat than normal weight adults. Lower percentages of overweight adults met the dietary recommendations for total fat (54.2%) and saturated fat (39.6%) than normal weight adults. Breakfast skippers were 26 percent more likely to be overweight than breakfast eaters. A high percent of overweight adults (25%) always used table fats on cooked vegetables, 59% ate fried chicken, only 40 percent always removed skin when they ate chicken, and 16 percent ate large portions of meat. Adults not exercising were 23 percent more likely to be overweight than adults who exercised at least twice a week. Adults who watched more than 2 hours of television on both survey days were 91 percent more likely to overweight than adults who did not watch television on both survey days. Smokers were 25 percent more likely to be overweight than nonsmokers. Adults should focus on both dietary and lifestyle practices for successful weight management.