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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Estimation of Potential Ethanol Yield from Corn Stover Produced Using Different Crop Management Strategies

Authors
item Wilhelm, Wallace
item Varvel, Gary
item Vogel, Kenneth
item Jechura, J - NREL, GOLDEN CO
item Sluiter, A - NREL, GOLDEN CO
item Thomas, S - NREL, GOLDEN CO

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: January 1, 2004
Publication Date: May 9, 2004
Citation: Wilhelm, W.W., Varvel, G.E., Vogel, K.P., Jechura, J.L., Sluiter, A.D., and Thomas, S.R. 2004. Estimation of potential ethanol yield from corn stover produced using different crop management strategies [abstract]. 26th Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuel and Chemicals. Abstract No. 1A-08. 2004.

Technical Abstract: Favorable biomass conversion process economics depend heavily on high product yields and conversion efficiency. Feedstock composition (absolute and relative quantity of cellulose, hemicellulose, lignin, and other components) directly impacts product yield efficiency. Near infrared reflectance spectroscopy (NIRS) rapid analytical techniques have been used successfully to predict structural carbohydrate components in forage crops and are used widely in marketing of hay and other forage materials and balancing rations for dairy and beef cattle. Calibrated NIRS methods coupled with process economic models have been used to predict ethanol yield from corn stover. Harvested stover samples from field experiments and NIRS analyses were used to estimate the amount of ethanol that could be derived from corn stover produced under several management and cultural scenarios in Eastern and Central Nebraska. These estimates of ethanol production can be used to determine favorable locations for biomass ethanol plants and developing management practices to enhance ethanol yield from corn stover. [REAP Publication]

Last Modified: 9/21/2014