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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Influence of Abomasal Carbohydrates on Small Intestinal Sodium-Dependent Glucose Co-Transporter Activity and Abundance in Steers

Authors
item Baldwin, Ransom
item Rodriquez, S - UNIVERSITY OF KENTUCKY
item Guimaraes, K - UNIVERSITY OF KENTUCKY
item Matthews, J - UNIVERSITIY OF KENTUCKY
item Mcleod, K - UNIVERSITY OF KENTUCKY
item Harmon, David - UNIVERSITY OF KENTUCKY

Submitted to: Journal of Animal Science
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: July 2, 2004
Publication Date: October 1, 2004
Citation: Baldwin, R.L., Rodriquez, S.M., Guimaraes, K.C., Matthews, J.C., Mcleod, K.M., Harmon, D.L. 2004. Influence of abomasal carbohydrates on small intestinal sodium-dependent glucose co-transporter activity and abundance in steers. Journal of Animal Science. 82:(10):3015-3023.

Interpretive Summary: Glucose absorption from the intestinal lumen continues to be a significant limitation affecting the ability of nutritionists to meet the energetic needs of the lactating dairy cow and growing steers. To examine two possible limiting steps in the absorption process, an experiment was conducted to determine the effect of infused glucose or starch hydrolysate on activity and abundance of sodium-dependent glucose co-transporter 1 (SGLT1) in the small intestine of steers. In a randomized complete block design, forty crossbred beef steers were fed at two levels of metabolizable energy intake (1 or 2 times maintenance; M) or they were fed at 1 times maintenance and infused for 35 d into the rumen or abomasum with starch hydrolysate (RS/AS) or into the abomasum with glucose (AG). Steers were slaughtered, and brush-border membrane vesicles were prepared from the small intestinal samples obtained from five equidistant sites along the intestine. Maltase activity, Na+ dependent glucose transport capacity and SGLT1 protein abundance of the vesicles were determined. Maltase specific activity in vesicles and homogenates differed with intestinal sampling site. The AG treatment yielded a higher intestinal maltase specific activity compared to the AS, RS, 1M or 2M treatment. Sodium dependent glucose uptake by the membrane vesicles was unaffected by treatment, but decreased distally along the intestine. There was no effect of treatment on SGLT1 protein abundance, but SGLT1 protein abundance increased from the duodenum to the ileum. The inverse relationship between glucose uptake and SGLT1 abundance suggests that regulation of glucose transport capacity is complex, involving factors other than SGLT1 abundance. This data lends insight into the pattern and control of gene expression along the intestine, and adds to the current understanding of the role of nutrients and their impact on intestinal gene expression.

Technical Abstract: There is conflicting data concerning the extent of up-regulation of SGLT1 in response to carbohydrate in the small intestinal lumen. An experiment was conducted to determine the effect of glucose and starch hydrolysate on activity and abundance of sodium-dependent glucose co-transporter 1 (SGLT1) in the small intestine of steers. In a randomized complete block design, forty crossbred beef steers (243 ± 2 kg BW) were fed 0.163 Mcal ME/(kg BW0.75'd) (1M) or 0.215 Mcal ME/(kg BW0.75'd) (2M) or they were fed 0.163 Mcal ME/(kg BW0.75'd) and infused for 35 d into the rumen (R) or abomasum (A) with starch hydrolysate (S) or into the abomasum with glucose (G). Steers were slaughtered, and brush-border membrane vesicles were prepared from the small intestinal samples obtained from five equidistant sites along the intestine. The maltase activity, Na+ dependent glucose transport capacity and SGLT1 protein abundance of the vesicles were determined. Maltase specific activity in vesicles and homogenates differed with intestinal sampling site (quadratic; P < 0.001). The AG treatment yielded a higher intestinal maltase specific activity (38 nmol glucose'mg protein-1 'min-1) compared to the AS, RS, 1M or 2M treatment [34, 26, 23, and 23 nmol glucose'mg protein-1 'min.-1, respectively (SEM=3; P = 0.02)]. Sodium dependent glucose uptake by the membrane vesicles was not affected by treatment, but decreased distally along the intestine (P < 0.001). There was no effect of treatment on SGLT1 protein abundance, but SGLT1 protein abundance increased from the duodenum to the ileum (linear; P = 0.05). The inverse relationship between glucose uptake and SGLT1 abundance suggests that regulation of glucose transport capacity is complex, involving factors other than SGLT1 abundance.

Last Modified: 10/25/2014
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