Submitted to: Society of Nematology Meeting
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: August 21, 2004
Publication Date: September 1, 2004
Citation: Millar, L., Lehman, P., Inserra, R., Powers, T., Brito, J., Dong, K., Handoo, Z.A. 2004. A list of exotic nematode plant pests of agricultural and environmental significance to the united states. J. Nematology 36: 334.
Prioritization of exotic plant pest threats is an important step in mitigating the adverse effects of invasive plant pests to US agricultural and natural ecosystems. In particular, this prioritization improves the ability to identify emerging pest threats and to more quickly respond to new introductions. In order to assist the national initiative in regard to invasive nematode plant pests, in 2001, the Society of Nematologists (SON) signed and initiated a cooperative agreement with the US Department of Agriculture's Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) to develop a list of the most significant exotic nematode pests not present or of limited distribution in the US. The SON set up a Regulatory Committee working group of six member nematologists with expertise in the relevant areas of risk assessment, nematode detection and identification, and regulatory nematology. This working group developed a preliminary approach to identifying and ranking exotic nematode plant pests. Three prioritized lists were prepared. Fact sheets were included for each nematode on the lists. These project results were published on the internet(http://nematode.unl.edu/projectpest.htm). Only plant nematode pests which currently are or could potentially be APHIS quarantine pests were considered for the list. There are currently 49 nematode species listed. An overview of the process used to develop the nematode pest lists, the updated lists, and a discussion of the current and future applications of this initiative are presented.