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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Forage Breeding, Chapter 28

Authors
item Vogel, Kenneth
item Lamb, Joann

Submitted to: Sixth Edition of Forages, Volume II The Science of Grassland Agriculture
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: July 2, 2004
Publication Date: February 1, 2007
Citation: Vogel, K.P., Lamb, J.F. 2007. Forage breeding. In:Barnes, R.F., Nelson, C.J., Moore, K.J., Collins, M., editors. The Science of Grassland Agriculture. Vol. II, 6th edition. Ames, IA: Iowa State University Press. p. 427-438.

Interpretive Summary: Forage breeding began in the early part of the 20th century. Cultivars of legumes and grasses were developed with improved establishment capability, persistence, high forage yields, and good insect and disease resistance. Limited animal evaluation was involved in the development of the initial cultivars. Breeding and genetics research on developing improved forages continues on these essential traits but in addition, research on improving the quality of forages for utilization by livestock is now an essential component of forage breeding. The past and current forage breeding research was and continues to be supported by numerous genetic studies on the inheritance and breeding of specific traits. Molecular breeding technologies are beginning to be applied to forage species. Forage breeders continue to develop cultivars with improved economic value for use by farmers in livestock production systems.

Technical Abstract: Forage breeding began in the early part of the 20th century. Cultivars of legumes and grasses were developed with improved establishment capability, persistence, high forage yields, and good insect and disease resistance. Limited animal evaluation was involved in the development of the initial cultivars. Breeding and genetics research on developing improved forages continues on these essential traits but in addition, research on improving the quality of forages for utilization by livestock is now an essential component of forage breeding. The past and current forage breeding research was and continues to be supported by numerous genetic studies on the inheritance and breeding of specific traits. Molecular breeding technologies are beginning to be applied to forage species. Forage breeders continue to develop cultivars with improved economic value for use by farmers in livestock production systems.

Last Modified: 9/20/2014
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