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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Ests, Cytogenetic Stocks, and Other Tools for Oat Genomics

Authors
item Rines, Howard
item Phillips, Ronald - UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA
item Anderson, Olin
item Vance, Carroll
item Crossman, Curt
item Lazo, Gerard
item Miller, Susan
item Taller, Jennifer

Submitted to: Oat International Conference Proceedings
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: May 1, 2004
Publication Date: July 18, 2004
Citation: Rines, H.W., Phillips, R.L., Anderson, O.D., Vance, C.P., Crossman, C.C., Lazo, G.R., Miller, S.S., Taller, J. 2004. ESTs, cytogenetic stocks, and other tools for oat genomics [abstract]. In: Peltonen-Sainio, P., Topi-Hulmi, M., editors. Proceedings of the 7th International Oat Conference, July 18-22, 2004, Helsinki, Finland. p. 69.

Technical Abstract: The development of tools for structural and functional genomics in oat is essential for the application of these technologies to oat genetics and germplasm improvement. To supplement the fewer than 600 DNA expressed sequence tags (ESTs) present to date in public data bases for oat, we have sequenced and are annotating for submission to GenBank an additional ~7,700 oat EST sequences. These 5' single pass sequences are derived from random clones isolated from cDNA libraries developed from polyA RNA isolated from 3-week-old green leaf (~2,500 clones), 6-day-old etiolated leaf (~2,600 clones), and 6-day-old root tissue (~2,500 clones) of 'Ogle-C', a reselection of cv. Ogle. Initial results indicate about 85% of the oat sequences match Triticeae sequences present in the data base. As a key complement in analyzing the structural genomics of hexaploid oat, we have been developing and characterizing cytogenetic stocks to use for relating previously identified oat genetic linkage groups to physical chromosome. Detection of molecular marker deficiencies in monosomic and nullisomic lines, where the missing chromosome or chromosome pair has been identified by C-banding analysis, has allowed assignment of most of the major oat linkage groups to chromosome for the monosomic stocks available. New monosomic stocks are being produced and characterized in an attempt to obtain a complete monosomic series in a single genetic background, cv. Sun II. These new monosomics are recovered as products of abnormal meiosis in haploid oat plants derived from crosses of oat x maize. The described materials together with genomic tools reported from other labs including a barley DNA gene chip showing about 27% cross detection with oat expressed RNAs, a DNA large fragment library for diploid oat, and additional ESTs provide opportunities for not only improved understanding of oat genome structure and function but also applications to oat genetic improvement.

Last Modified: 9/22/2014