|Kamenova, Ivanka - USDA, ARS, USHRL|
|Achor, Diann - UNIV. OF FLORIDA|
Submitted to: Acta Horticulturae
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: July 1, 2004
Publication Date: October 10, 2006
Citation: Kamenova, I., Adkins, S.T., Achor, D. 2006. Identification of tomato mosaic virus infection in jasmine. Acta Horticulturae. Interpretive Summary: Among the different Jasminum species (Oleraceae), downy and star jasmine (Jasminum multiflorum) and wax jasmine (J. gracile) are commercially cultivated and commonly grown ornamentals in Florida. They are popular decorative shrubs widely planted around private gardens and public buildings for their long life, vigor and delicate smell from their flowers. Virus-like symptoms were recently observed on the leaves of landscape and nursery downy, star and wax jasmine plants in southeast Florida. Foliar symptoms included mottling, ring spots and chlorotic line patterns. The objective of this study was to identify the pathogen(s) associated with the disease symptoms observed on downy, star and wax jasmine plants. A virus isolated from downy jasmine was identified as Tomato mosaic virus (ToMV) based on host range, symptoms, and serological and molecular analysis with supporting evidence from electron microscopy. ToMV infection was also identified in star (but not wax) jasmine by serological and molecular analysis. ToMV is associated with diseases in a wide variety of annual and perennial plants. With the detection of ToMV on downy and star jasmines, its wide host range has increased. To our knowledge, this is the first isolation and first identification of ToMV in jasmine in the USA.