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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Sediment Deposition in Floodplain of Stemple Creek Watershed

Authors
item Ritchie, Jerry
item Finney, V - USDA NRCS
item Oster, K - USDA NRCS
item Ritchie, C - BOTANICAL CONSULTANT

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: April 1, 2004
Publication Date: April 15, 2004
Citation: Ritchie, J.C., Finney, V.L., Oster, K.J., Ritchie, C.A. 2004. Sediment deposition in floodplain of stemple creek watershed [abstract]. Southeastern Biologist. 51(2):220.

Technical Abstract: Over the past 150 years major land use changes have occurred in the Stemple Creek Watershed in northern California that have caused erosion to move soils from the upland to the floodplain, stream channels, and the bay. The purpose of this study is to document the recent sediment deposition (1954 to present) patterns in the floodplain area adjacent to Stemple Creek using the Cesium-137 technique. Sediment deposition ranged from 0.26 to 1.84 cm/yr for the period from 1964 to 2002 with an average of 0.85 cm/yr. Sediment deposition rates were higher for the 1954 to 1964 period with a range of 0.31 to 3.50 cm/yr and an average of 1.29 cm yr. These data indicate that sediment deposition in the floodplain has decreased since the middle 1950's probably related to reduction in row crop agriculture and an increase in pasture land in the uplands. This study shows that the floodplains in the Stemple Creek Watershed are a significant sink for the soils being eroded from the upland area. Given the significance of the floodplain for trapping eroded materials before they reach the stream channels or bay, efforts need to be made to manage these floodplain areas to insure that they do not change and become a source rather than a sink for eroded materials as improved management practices on the upland areas reduce sediment input to the floodplain.

Last Modified: 10/1/2014
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