Submitted to: Society of Industrial Microbiology Annual Meeting
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: July 29, 2004
Publication Date: July 29, 2004
Citation: Saha, B.C. 2004. Conversion of lignocellulose to fuel ethanol [abstract]. Society of Industrial Microbiology. p. 80. Technical Abstract: Lignocellulosic agricultural residues such as corn fiber, wheat straw, and rice hull can serve as low-cost feedstocks for production of fuel ethanol by fermentation. The process of converting lignocellulose to ethanol includes feedstock pretreatment, enzymatic saccharification, fermentation, and product recovery. Two major constraints are: 1) The lack of an effective pretreatment process for decrystallizing cellulose, allowing rapid enzyme accessibility and 2) efficient enzymes for conversion of pretreated substrates to fermentable sugars. Our research dealing with pretreatment, enzymatic saccarification, and fermentation of mixed sugars for production of ethanol from lignocellulose will be described. The problems and prospects of cost-effective production of fuel ethanol by fermentation and future directions of research will be presented.