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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Airborne Microorganisms During the Commercial Production and Processing of Japanese Quail

Authors
item Northcutt, Julie
item Jones, Deana
item Musgrove, Michael

Submitted to: International Journal of Poultry Science
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: February 10, 2004
Publication Date: March 3, 2004
Citation: Northcutt, J.K., Jones, D.R., Musgrove, M.T. 2004. Airborne microorganisms during the commercial production and processing of Japanese quail. International Journal of Poultry Science. 3(4):242-247.

Interpretive Summary: Total aerobic bacteria, molds/yeasts, E. coli and Enterobacteriaceae in the air during the commercial production and processing of Japanese quail were enumerated at twelve different sites. Production-related sampling sites included the breeder and grow-out houses along with the hatchery setter, hatcher, egg room, and chick room. Processing-related sampling sites included the hanging/stunning area, scalding/defeathering room, evisceration line, chiller exit, further processing area and shipping room. Sampling site had a significant effect on the level of total aerobic bacteria, molds/yeasts, and Enterobacteriaceae and E. coli.. Moreover, significant correlation was found between airborne bacteria counts and both environmental temperature and humidity. Highest counts for total aerobic bacteria, molds/yeasts, E. coli, and Enterobacteriaceae occurred in the grow-out house. Among the production-related sampling sites, lowest counts for total aerobic bacteria, molds/yeasts and Enterobacteriaceae ccurred in the chick room at the hatchery. At the processing facility, highest counts for total aerobic bacteria, E. coli and Enterobacteriaceae occurred in the areas where quail are hung/stunned and scalded/defeathered. E. coli was not found at any of the sampling sites in the hatchery (setter, hatcher, egg room, chick room) or at the chiller exit, further processing area or shipping room at the facility. Data gathered during this study may be useful in identifying the sources and levels of airborne contaminates in commercial production and processing of quail so that effective intervention practices may be established or strengthened.

Technical Abstract: Total aerobic bacteria, molds/yeasts, E. coli and Enterobacteriaceae in the air during the commercial production and processing of Japanese quail were enumerated at twelve different sites. Production-related sampling sites included the breeder and grow-out houses along with the hatchery setter, hatcher, egg room, and chick room. Processing-related sampling sites included the hanging/stunning area, scalding/defeathering room, evisceration line, chiller exit, further processing area and shipping room. Sampling site had a significant effect on the level of total aerobic bacteria, molds/yeasts, and Enterobacteriaceae and E. coli.. Moreover, significant correlation was found between airborne bacteria counts and both environmental temperature and humidity. Highest counts for total aerobic bacteria, molds/yeasts, E. coli, and Enterobacteriaceae occurred in the grow-out house. Among the production-related sampling sites, lowest counts for total aerobic bacteria, molds/yeasts and Enterobacteriaceae ccurred in the chick room at the hatchery. At the processing facility, highest counts for total aerobic bacteria, E. coli and Enterobacteriaceae occurred in the areas where quail are hung/stunned and scalded/defeathered. E. coli was not found at any of the sampling sites in the hatchery (setter, hatcher, egg room, chick room) or at the chiller exit, further processing area or shipping room at the facility. Data gathered during this study may be useful in identifying the sources and levels of airborne contaminates in commercial production and processing of quail so that effective intervention practices may be established or strengthened.

Last Modified: 12/28/2014
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