Page Banner

United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Bale Moisture Addition - a Case Study, Part II

Authors
item Backe, Everett - I.T.T.
item McAlister Iii, David
item Hughs, Sidney

Submitted to: National Cotton Council Beltwide Cotton Conference
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: January 5, 2004
Publication Date: June 1, 2004
Citation: Backe, E., McAlister III, D.D., Hughs, S.E. 2004. Bale moisture addition - a case study, part II. Proceedings of the Beltwide Cotton Conference, San Antonio, TX, January 5-9, 2004. p. 3002-3007.

Interpretive Summary: THE DESIGN OF THE LEWIS ELECTRIC CORPORATION'S WATER SPRAY SYSTEM ALLOWS IT TO APPLY MORE WATER AT THE PRESS LINT SLIDE THAN OLDER SYSTEMS WITHOUT CAUSING PROBLEMS THAT INTERRUPT COTTON FLOW. THIS MEANS THAT THE USDA RECOMMENDATION OF BALING COTTON AT 6 TO 8% MOISTURE CAN BE SIGNIFICANTLY EXCEEDED ON A REGULAR BASIS. THE OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY REPORTED HERE, WHICH IS PART TWO OF THE STUDY REPORTED BY HUGHS (2004), WAS TO DETERMINE AN ACCEPTABLE BALE MOISTURE RANGE WITHIN WHICH FIBER QUALITY, YARN QUALITY, MICROBIAL ACTIVITY AND DYED FABRIC QUALITY DEGRADATION CAN SAFELY BE AVOIDED AFTER 6 MONTHS OF BALE STORAGE. IT WAS DETERMINED THAT BETWEEN 6-8.5% LIES THE POINT WHERE SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN COTTON FIBER COLOR OCCUR. THE RESULTS OF THIS STUDY PROVIDED INFORMATION TO NARROW THE ACCEPTABLE BALE MOISTURE RANGE FOR FURTHER RESEARCH BY THESE AUTHORS AND OTHER RESEARCHERS. KNOWING THE RANGE, WHICH IS ACCEPTABLE, ALLOWS FOR FURTHER STUDY INTO WHERE THE POINT OF DIMINISHING RETURN IS WITH RESPECT TO ADDING WATER TO COTTON AT THE LINT SLIDE.

Technical Abstract: THE STUDY OF THE ADDITION OF WATER TO COTOTN AT GINNING DATES BACK TO THE EARLY 1950'S. SINCE THIS TIME, TECHNOLOGIES HAVE CHANGED WHICH ALLOW FOR MORE CONTROL AND HIGHER VOLUMES OF WATER TO BE ADDED TO COTTON AT THE LINT SLIDE THAN EVER BEFORE. THE OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY REPORTED HERE, WHICH IS PART TWO OF THE STUDY REPORTED BY HUGHS (2004), WAS TO DETERMINE AN ACCEPTABLE BALE MOISTURE RANGE WITHIN WHICH FIBER QUALITY, YARN QUALITY, MICROBIAL ACTIVITY AND DYED FABRIC QUALITY DEGRADATION CAN SAFELY BE AVOIDED AFTER 6 MONTHS OF BALE STORAGE. APPROXIIMATELY 50 POUNDS OF COTTON WERE SAMPLED FROM EACH OF THE THREE BALES FOR EACH MOISTURE TREATMENT AS DESCRIBED BY HUGHS (2004) IN PART ONE OF THIS STUDY, AFTER SIX MONTHS IN STORAGE. IN ADDITION TO THE HVI FIBER PROPERTIES REPORTED BY HUGHS (2004), ADDITIONAL TESTING OF THE FIBERS WAS PERFORMED ON THE ADVANCED FIBER INFORMATION SYSTEM (AFIS) FOLLOWED BY MICROBIAL ACTIVITY DETERMINATIONS. THE RESULTING 20/1 OPEN-END SPUN YARNS WERE SUBJECTED TO TYPICAL YARN QUALITY MEASUREMENT (C.V., DEFECTS, STRENGTH, & ELONGATION) AND THEN CIRCULAR KNIT INTO PANELS SO THAT YARN FROM EACH TREATMENT WAS BUTT-KNIT TO MORE EASILY OBSERVE COLOR OR SHADE CHANGE. WITH RESPECT TO YARN QUALITY, IT APPEARS THAT 20 OR MORE POUNDS OF WATER ADDED TO BALES OF COTTON AT THE LINT SLIDE RESULTED IN SIGNIFICANT AS WELL AS PRACTICAL REDUCTIONS IN YARN QUALITY. WITH RESPECT TO THE STORAGE PERIODS AND TREATEMENTS OF THIS STUDY, ALTHOUGH THERE WERE COLOR CHANGES TO THE COTTON FIBER AS REPORTED BY HUGHS (2004) THERE APPEARS TO BE NO IMPACT ON MICROBIAL ACTIVITY OR THE BLEACHED AND DYED FABRIC. ADDITIONALLY, IT APPEARS THAT BETWEEN 6-8.5% LIES THE POINT OF DIMINISHING RETURN FOR ADDING MOISTURE TO COTTON AT THE LINT SLIDE.

Last Modified: 10/20/2014
Footer Content Back to Top of Page