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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Vector Competence of Culicoides Sonorensis (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) for Vesicular Stomatitis Virus

Authors
item Drolet, Barbara
item Campbell, Corey
item Stuart, Melissa
item Wilson, William

Submitted to: Journal of Medical Entomology
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: October 16, 2004
Publication Date: May 1, 2005
Citation: Drolet, B.S., Campbell, C.L., Stuart, M.A., Wilson, W.C. 2005. Vector competence of culicoides sonorensis (diptera: ceratopogonidae) for vesicular stomatitis virus. Journal of Medical Entomology. 42(3): 409-418 (2005)

Interpretive Summary: The biting midge Culicoides sonorensis, a known arboviral insect vector, has been implicated as a possible vector for vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) in the western United States. Infection studies were performed in both Culicoides cell lines and insects to examine the replication of VSV. Culicoides cells were susceptible and permissive. VSV infections were productive and persistent resulting in little or no cytopathology or apoptosis. In the insect, gene amplification and detection assays and electron microscopy revealed that VSV was able to escape the midgut barrier, disseminate quickly and replicate in many cell types throughout the insect. This is the first whole body microscopic analysis of the replication of an arthropod-borne virus in this known insect vector.

Technical Abstract: The biting midge Culicoides sonorensis, a known arboviral insect vector, has been implicated as a possible vector for vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) in the western United States. Within a competent insect vector, virus from a meal must be able to penetrate the midgut barrier, infect the midgut epithelium, replicate, and disseminate to the epidemiologically significant organs; salivary glands and eggs. This amplification and dissemination must occur without significant damage to the insect's cells. Infection studies were performed in both Culicoides cell lines and insects to examine the replication of VSV. In vitro, Culicoides cells were susceptible and permissive. VSV infections were productive and persistent resulting in little or no cytopathology or apoptosis. In vivo, RT-PCR, in situ hybridization and electron microscopy revealed that VSV was able to escape the midgut barrier, disseminate quickly and replicate in epithelial, neural and hemolymph cells throughout the insect. This is the first whole body microscopic analysis of the replication of an arthropod-borne virus in this known insect vector.

Last Modified: 9/10/2014
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