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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Phosphorus and Poultry Nutrition

Authors
item Patterson, P - PENN STATE
item Moore, Philip
item Angel, R - UNIVERSITY OF DELAWARE

Submitted to: American Society of Agronomy Monograph Series
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: June 13, 2003
Publication Date: July 1, 2005
Citation: Patterson, P.H., Moore Jr, P.A., Angel, R. 2005. Phosphorus and Poultry Nutrition. In: Sims, J.T., Sharpley, A.N., editors. Phosphorus: Agriculture and the Environment. American Society of Agronomy Monograph Series No. 46. Madison, WI: American Society of Agronomy. p. 635-682.

Interpretive Summary: Demand for poultry meat and eggs has increased dramatically in the past few decades, with current consumption levels in U.S. higher than that for beef. While this increase in poultry production has been a boom to the economies of several states, there have been reports of excessive aquatic phosphorus pollution where the poultry industry is concentrated. This chapter is a review article of the phosphorus needs of poultry, and management strategies to reduce the amount of phosphorus runoff and leaching from poultry manure. Dietary strategies for reducing phosphorus in poultry diets include; (1) meeting, but not exceeding P requirements, (2) phase feeding, (3) feeding more available ingredients, (4) use effective vitamin D levels, and (5) use feed additives/enzymes to increase availability or retention. The soluble and total phosphorus contents of various types of poultry manure is discussed, as is the phosphorus concentration in runoff water from fields fertilized with litter. Best management practices for controlling phosphorus runoff include nutrient management planning, manure treatment with alum, and finding other uses for manure.

Technical Abstract: Demand for poultry meat and eggs has increased dramatically in the past few decades, with current consumption levels in U.S. higher than that for beef. While this increase in poultry production has been a boom to the economies of several states, there have been reports of excessive aquatic phosphorus pollution where the poultry industry is concentrated. This chapter is a review article of the phosphorus needs of poultry, and management strategies to reduce the amount of phosphorus runoff and leaching from poultry manure. Dietary strategies for reducing phosphorus in poultry diets include; (1) meeting, but not exceeding P requirements, (2) phase feeding, (3) feeding more available ingredients, (4) use effective vitamin D levels, and (5) use feed additives/enzymes to increase availability or retention. The soluble and total phosphorus contents of various types of poultry manure is discussed, as is the phosphorus concentration in runoff water from fields fertilized with litter. Best management practices for controlling phosphorus runoff include nutrient management planning, manure treatment with alum, and finding other uses for manure.

Last Modified: 10/24/2014
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