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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Registration of 'sierra' Chickpea

Authors
item Muehlbauer, Frederick
item Chen, Weidong

Submitted to: Crop Science
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: March 31, 2004
Publication Date: September 1, 2004
Citation: Muehlbauer, F.J., Chen, W. 2004. Registration of 'Sierra' chickpea. Crop Science. 44:1864.

Interpretive Summary: 'Sierra' is a large seeded Kabuli type chickpea (garbanzo.) developed by the USDA-ARS in cooperation with the Washington Agricultural Research Center, Pullman, Washington and released jointly with the Idaho Agricultural Experiment Station, Moscow, ID, the North Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station, Fargo, ND and the California Agricultural Experiment Station, Davis, CA in 2003. Sierra has good resistance to ascochyta blight, a disease that has caused serious damage to chickpea crops in the U.S. Pacific Northwest from 1983 to the present. Sierra has improved resistance to the disease as well as improved yields and quality that will insure acceptance into domestic and international markets.

Technical Abstract: 'Sierra' is a large seeded Kabuli type chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) developed by the USDA-ARS in cooperation with the Washington Agricultural Research Center, Pullman, Washington and released jointly with the Idaho Agricultural Experiment Station, Moscow, ID, the North Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station, Fargo, ND and the California Agricultural Experiment Station, Davis, CA in 2003. Sierra has good resistance to ascochyta blight [caused by Ascochyta rabiei (Pass.) Labrousse; syn. Phoma rabiei (Pass.) Khune & J.N. Kapoor], a disease that has caused serious damage to chickpea crops in the U.S. Pacific Northwest from 1983 to the present. Sierra originated as an F8 selection from the cross 'Dwelley'//FLIP85-58/'Spanish White' made in 1992. Plants of Sierra average 53 cm tall, are branched at the base, and are generally upright. Sierra has a unifoliate leaf structure that is similar to Sanford and Dwelley. Seed size of Sierra is similar to Dwelley but larger than Sanford and average 61.4 grams per 100 seeds. The large, light cream-colored seeds of Sierra are suited to the domestic canning industry and are readily accepted in international markets. Plant variety protection is being sought for Sierra.

Last Modified: 8/21/2014
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