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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Friction and Oxidation Behavior of Vegetable Oil Derivatives As Lubricants: Substitution Chain Length Effects

Authors
item Sharma, B - PENN STATE UNIV
item Adhvaryu, A - PENN STATE UNIV
item Liu, Zengshe
item Erhan, Sevim

Submitted to: Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: May 20, 2004
Publication Date: N/A

Technical Abstract: The lubricants based on mineral oils render unfavorable impact on the environment. Although not economically viable presently, replacement of hydrocarbon oils with highly biodegradable vegetable oils and their derivatives is on the horizon, due to environmental concerns. However, development of a biodegradable base fluid that could potentially substitute conventional mineral oil poses stiff technical challenges. Seed oils have excellent lubricating properties, but poor oxidation and low temperature stability. This paper presents a systematic approach to improve the existing tribochemical, oxidation and cold flow behavior of seed based oils. A series of structural modification of seed oils using anhydrides of different chain lengths were investigated. The reaction was tracked and products confirmed by NMR and FTIR analysis. Conditions were optimized for laboratory scale-up and potential bulk production.

Last Modified: 7/28/2014
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