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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Modulation of Muscle Protein Synthesis by Insulin Is Maintained During Acute Neonatal Endotoxemia

Authors
item Orellana, Renan - BAYLOR COLLEGE MED
item O'Connor, Pamela - BAYLOR COLLEGE MED
item Nguyen, Hanh - BAYLOR COLLEGE MED
item Bush, Jill - BAYLOR COLLEGE MED
item Thivierge, Carole - UNIV LAVAL ST FOY QUEBEC
item Suryawan, Agus - BAYLOR COLLEGE MED
item Liu, Chun - BAYLOR COLLEGE MED
item Fiorotto, Marta
item Davis, Teresa

Submitted to: Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology Conference
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: March 14, 2003
Publication Date: March 14, 2003
Citation: Orellana, R.A., O'Connor, P.M., Nguyen, H.V., Bush, J.A., Thivierge, M.C., Suryawan, A., Liu, C.W., Fiorotto, M.L., Davis, T.A. 2003. Modulation of muscle protein synthesis by insulin is maintained during acute neonatal endotoxemia [abstract]. Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology Conference. Part I, 17(4):A739.

Interpretive Summary: Not needed for an Abstract

Technical Abstract: Sepsis promotes insulin resistance and reduces protein synthesis in skeletal muscle of adults. The effect of sepsis on insulin-stimulated muscle protein synthesis has not been determined in neonates, a highly anabolic population that is uniquely sensitive to insulin. Neonatal pigs were infused for 8 h with endotoxin [LPS, 0 and 10 ug/(kg.hr)]. Glucose and BCAA were maintained at fasting levels, insulin was clamped either at fasting or fed (2 or 10 uU/ml) levels, and fractional protein synthesis rates (FSR) were determined after 8 hours. LPS infusion induced a septic-like state as indicated by a sustained elevation in body temperature, heart rate, and cortisol. In the presence of fasting insulin levels, LPS reduced FSR in longissimus dorsi (LD, -29%) and gastrocnemius (-27%), had no effect on masseter, and stimulated FSR in liver (+27%). Increasing insulin to fed levels accelerated FSR in LD (controls, +44%; LPS +54%), gastrocnemius (controls, +43%; LPS +70%) and diaphragm (controls, +66%; LPS +81%), and the response to insulin was similar in LPS and controls. Insulin did not alter FSR in liver, kidney, and jejunum in both groups. These findings suggest that acute endotoxemia moderately lowers basal fasting muscle protein synthesis in neonates, but does not alter their high sensitivity and responsiveness to insulin.

Last Modified: 12/19/2014
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