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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Effect of Previous Exposure of Sheep to Monoterpene Odors on Intake of Alfalfa Pellets Treated with Camphor Or Alpha-Pinene

Authors
item ESTELL, RICHARD
item Frederickson, Eddie
item ANDERSON, DEAN
item HAVSTAD, KRIS
item Remmenga, M - NEW MEXICO STATE UNIV

Submitted to: Joint Abstracts of the American Dairy Science and Society of Animal Science
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: April 4, 2003
Publication Date: June 23, 2003
Citation: ESTELL, R.E., FREDRICKSON, E.L., ANDERSON, D.M., HAVSTAD, K.M., REMMENGA, M.D. EFFECT OF PREVIOUS EXPOSURE OF SHEEP TO MONOTERPENE ODORS ON INTAKE OF ALFALFA PELLETS TREATED WITH CAMPHOR OR ALPHA-PINENE. JOINT ANNUAL MEETING OF THE AMERICAN DAIRY SCIENCE ASSOCIATION, THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF ANIMAL SCIENCE, AND THE MEXICAN ASSOCIATION OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION. 2003. V. 81(SUPPL 1). ABSTRACT P. 324-325.

Technical Abstract: Lambs were exposed to aromas of two monoterpenes that had previously been found to decrease intake to determine if exposure during feeding modified effects of these terpenes on subsequent intake. Two experiments were conducted using a split-plot design. Thirty-six ewe lambs (mean BW = 23.1 and 42.2 kg in Exp. 1 and 2, respectively) were group-fed alfalfa pellets (4\% of BW, DM basis) in enclosed portable buildings (3.0 x 3.7 m) for 2 h each morning for 56 d. Nine lambs were randomly assigned to each of four buildings, and the appropriate chemical (25 g of camphor in Exp. 1 or 50 ml of $\alpha$-pinene in Exp. 2) was placed in a mesh-covered container in the center of the feeder in two buildings immediately before feeding (two buildings served as controls). After the 8-wk exposure period, lambs were individually fed alfalfa pellets (640 g, DM basis) for 20 min each morning for 10 d (5-d adaptation, 5-d intake measurement) in a metabolism building. Treatments were sprayed on alfalfa pellets at levels representing the concentration of that chemical in \italicize{Flourensia cernua} or at 10-fold that concentration. Controls received ethanol carrier only. Lambs were fed in three groups (n = 12), stratified such that one lamb from each building was placed on each treatment in each group. Lambs were housed as one group and fed alfalfa pellets at 5\% of BW (DM basis) except during the 20-min tests. No day effect was detected for intake with either chemical (\italicize{P} > 0.05); therefore, data for collection periods were pooled across day. Exposure to the volatile aroma for 8 wk had no effect on intake during the 10-d interval for either monoterpene (\italicize{P} > 0.05). Moreover, intake during the 10-d interval was not affected by treatment concentration (\italicize{P} > 0.05). Neither concentration of the terpene applied to feed nor previous exposure to the volatile aroma from camphor or $\alpha$-pinene altered feed intake under the conditions of this study.

Last Modified: 9/10/2014
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