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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Diet and Gene Expression in Broilers

Authors
item Rosebrough, Robert
item Poch, Stephen
item Russell, Beverly
item Richards, Mark

Submitted to: European Association of Animal Production Proceedings
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: June 1, 2003
Publication Date: September 12, 2003
Citation: Rosebrough, R.W., Poch, S.M., Russell, B.A., Richards, M.P. 2003. Diet and gene expression in broilers. Prodeedings 16th Symposium on Energy Metabolism: Progress in Research on Energy and Protein Metabolism. 109:73-76.

Interpretive Summary: We determined the possible relationship between lipid metabolism and gene expression in chickens fed graded levels of dietary crude protein. Male, broiler chickens growing from 7 to 28 days of age were fed diets containing 12, 21 or 30% protein ad libitum. Another group of birds was feed on a regimen consisting of a daily change in the dietary protein level (12 or 30%). This latter group was further subdivided such that one-half of the birds received each level of protein on alternating days. In vitro lipogenesis and malic enzyme activity were inversely related to dietary protein levels (12 to 30%) and to acute changes from 12 to 30%. In contrast, expression of malic enzyme, fatty acid synthase and acetyl CoA carboxylase genes were constant over a dietary protein range of 12 to 21%, but decreased by feeding a 30% protein diet. Results of the present study demonstrate a continued role for protein in the regulation of broiler metabolism.

Technical Abstract: The purpose of this experiment was to determine the possible relationship between certain indices of lipid metabolism and specific gene expression in chickens fed graded levels of dietary crude protein. Male, broiler chickens growing from 7 to 28 days of age were fed diets containing 12, 21 or 30% protein ad libitum. In addition, another group of birds was feed on a regimen consisting of a daily change in the dietary protein level (12 or 30%). This latter group was further subdivided such that one-half of the birds received each level of protein on alternating days. Birds were sampled from 28 to 30 days of age. Measurements taken included in vitro lipogenesis, malic enzyme activity the expression of the genes for malic enzyme, fatty acid synthase and acetyl coenzyme carboxylase. In vitro lipogenesis and malic enzyme activity were inversely related to dietary protein levels (12 to 30%) and to acute changes from 12 to 30%. In contrast, expression of malic enzyme, fatty acid synthase and acetyl CoA carboxylase genes were constant over a dietary protein range of 12 to 21%, but decreased by feeding a 30% protein diet (acute or chronic feeding). Results of the present study demonstrate a continued role for protein in the regulation of broiler metabolism. It should be pointed out, however, that metabolic regulation at the gene level only occurs when feeding very high levels of dietary protein.

Last Modified: 7/30/2014
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