Submitted to: International Symposium on Emerging and Re-Emerging Pig Diseases
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: June 29, 2003
Publication Date: June 29, 2003
Citation: LAGER, K.M. PORCINE REPRODUCTIVE AND RESPIRATORY SYNDROME: CONTROL AND VACCINOLOGY. PROCEEDINGS OF INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON EMERGING AND RE-EMERGING PIG DISEASES. 2003. p. 29-36. Technical Abstract: Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome (PRRS) is a viral disease of swine. It was first recognized about 16 years ago in the eastern United States as sporadic epidemics of maternal reproductive failure and severe respiratory disease in young pigs. Within a few years the new disease became a pandemic spreading throughout the swine dense regions of the world. Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome became and still is one of the top infectious disease concerns of the swine industry. The cause of PRRS, the PRRS virus, was discovered in 1991 and since that time a dramatic amount of research has been completed that has investigated all aspects of this disease. Despite all that is known, there are still considerable gaps in the PRRS knowledge base. This paper reviews the current state of knowledge about the strategies that have been used to control and prevent PRRS and the safety and efficacy of currently available PRRS virus vaccines. In addition, there is commentary about ongoing research initiatives around the world that are investigating the development of improved vaccines and the implementation of improved tactics for the control and prevention of PRRS.