Submitted to: Encyclopedia of Entomology
Publication Type: Review Article
Publication Acceptance Date: March 25, 2003
Publication Date: April 1, 2003
Citation: Hogsette Jr, J.A. 2003. Pests of veterinary importance. Encyclopedia of Entomology. Interpretive Summary: Review article.
Technical Abstract: Veterinary pests have unique relationships with their hosts because the hosts are mobile and can live for a number of years. Some pests, like stable flies, merely take blood meals from their hosts, however other pests, like mosquitoes, fleas or ticks, may transfer disease organisms to the host while in the process of taking blood meals. Some pests, like bot flies, live inside the hosts' intestinal tracts and others, like cattle grubs, live just under the skin. Economic losses result from a number of causes, including physical damage, weight loss, disease, debilitation or death. Mechanical losses are sustained through suffocation and exsanguination. Management of veterinary pests can be difficult because of their dispersal ability. The best approach for management is through integrated strategies, preferably on an area-wide basis.