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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Ground/master/aster Spectral Reflectance Measurements of Northern Chihuahuan Desert Vegetation

Authors
item Ritchie, Jerry
item Schmugge, Thomas
item Jacob, F - PRIVATE CONSULTANT
item Rango, Albert

Submitted to: European Geophysical Society Meeting
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: February 15, 2003
Publication Date: March 15, 2003
Citation: Ritchie, J.C., Schmugge, T.S., Jacob, F., Rango, A. 2003. Ground/MASTER/ASTER spectral reflectance measurements of Northern Chihuanhuan Desert vegetation [abstract]. European Geophysical Society Meeting. 5:01573.

Technical Abstract: Spectral measurements of vegetation communities of the semiarid grasslands in the Jornada Experimental Range LTER in New Mexico, USA were measured at ground level using an Analytical Spectral Devices (ASD) Spectrometer on a 30x30 m grid at 5 m intervals, from an airplane with the MODIS/ASTER Simulator (MASTER) with a 3x3 m resolution, and from space with the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) with 15x15 m resolution in May 2001 and with the ASD and ASTER in September 2001. Four communities (Grass, Transition, Mesquite, Creosote) were sampled at the Jornada. Reflectance increased from Grass to Transition to Shrub communities from all three platforms. Patterns of reflectance were similar from the three platforms with MASTER and ASTER having similar absolute values. Comparison of absolute values of ASD ground measurements with MASTER and ASTER measurements differed with different vegetation communities but in general ASD measurement were slightly lower than MASTER or ASTER measurements. These differences are assumed to be related to the different sized footprints of the instruments. In general, as ground cover decreased from Grass to Transition to Shrub communities, reflectance increased indicating a potential for change in heat and water balance of these ecosystems if shrubs continue to expand into the Grass communities.

Last Modified: 10/20/2014
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