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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Composition and Antimicrobial Activity of the Essential Oil of Anemposis Californica

Authors
item Medina, Andrea - NEW MEXICO STATE UNIV
item Lucero, Mary
item O'Connell, Mary - NEW MEXICO STATE UNIV

Submitted to: Phytochemical Society of North America Proceedings
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: May 1, 2002
Publication Date: July 1, 2002
Citation: MEDINA, A., LUCERO, M.E., O'CONNELL, M. COMPOSITION AND ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF THE ESSENTIAL OIL OF ANEMPOSIS CALIFORNICA. PROCEEDINGS OF THE PHYTOCHEMICAL SOCIETY OF NORTH AMERICA SYMPOSIUM. 2002. P. 60. ABSTRACT NO. BP-2.

Technical Abstract: Anemopsis californica, native to the Southwest US, is commonly known as yerba mansa. The leaves and roots have traditionally been used to alleviate pain, inflammation, and fungal infections. Isolation of leaf volatiles of A. californica (Hook. & Arn) was performed using steam distillation and solid phase microextraction (SPME). GC followed by mass spectral and flame ionization detection were used for identification and quantification. The most abundant compounds in the steam distillation were: elemicin (53.1%), piperitone (11.0%), and methyl-eugenol (6.9%). The most abundant compounds detected in SPME extracts were piperitone (16.2%), elemicin (13.2), alpha-pinene (11.7%), 1,8-cineole (10.5%), beta phellandrene (8.6%), (E)-caryophyllene (8.2%), methyl-eugenol (5.1%) and sabinene (5.1%). The essential oil exhibited antimicrobial activity against: Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniae and Geotrichim candidum.

Last Modified: 8/30/2014