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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Extraction and Recovery of Phosphorus from Swine Wastewater

Authors
item Szogi, Ariel
item Vanotti, Matias
item Hunt, Patrick

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Other
Publication Acceptance Date: August 18, 2002
Publication Date: August 18, 2002
Citation: SZOGI, A.A., VANOTTI, M.B., HUNT, P.G. EXTRACTION AND RECOVERY OF PHOSPHORUS FROM SWINE WASTEWATER. AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY ANNUAL MEETING. 2002.

Technical Abstract: Past research efforts on phosphorus removal from animal wastewater using chemical precipitation have been frustrating due to the large chemical demand and limited value of by-products such as alum sludge, or because of the large chemical demand and losses of nitrogen at the high pH required to precipitate phosphorus with calcium salts. A treatment system was developed that requires minimal chemical addition, reduces problems of ammonia emissions during separation of phosphorus from the aqueous phase, and recovers phosphorus in a reusable form. Phosphorus is selectively precipitated using an alkaline earth metal after carbon and ammonia buffers are reduced with a nitrification pretreatment. The method was successfully tested in nine hog lagoons and in a prototype system without lagoon in North Carolina. In all cases the soluble phosphorus was effectively recovered as phosphate (about 17% P2O5). The product is further dewatered to >50% solids using charged polymer and filter bags.

Last Modified: 7/24/2014