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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Effects of Leaf Age on the Photosynthetic Capacity of Sweetgum after 5 Years Co2 Enrichment

Authors
item Herrick, Jeffrey
item Thomas, Richard - WEST VIRGINIA UNIVERSITY

Submitted to: Ecological Society of America Abstracts
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: July 1, 2002
Publication Date: August 4, 2002
Citation: HERRICK, J.E., THOMAS, R.B. EFFECTS OF LEAF AGE ON THE PHOTOSYNTHETIC CAPACITY OF SWEETGUM AFTER 5 YEARS CO2 ENRICHMENT. 87TH ANNUAL MEETING OF THE ECOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA. 2002. ABSTRACT P. 363.

Technical Abstract: We have been monitoring the effects of CO2 enrichment on photosynthetic capacity of sun and shade leaves of overstory sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua) trees for the past 5 years. Previously, (1997-1999), we found no effect of CO2 on photosynthetic capacity of sun or shade leaves. In this study, we examined whether CO2 enrichment affected photosynthetic capacity of sweetgum trees differentially in younger and older leaves. The Duke Forest FACe experiment consists of three control plots and three plots that have been fumigated with elevated CO2 (ambient plus 200 11-1) since August 1996. During June and September of 2000-2001, we measured A (net photosynthetic rate) versus Ci (calculated intercullular CO2) on sun and shade leaves, as well as the oldest sun leaves. Elevated CO2 stimulated net photosynthesis (A) in young shade and sun leaves and the oldest sun leaves (P <0.05). The maximum rate of carboxylation (Vcmax, from A-Ci curves) and electron transport (Jmax) were not significantly affected by CO2 enrichment for all leaf types examined during 2000 and 2001. Young sun leaves had approximately 30% higher A, Vcmax and Jmax that the oldest sun leaves during September of 2000 and 2001 (P <0.05). Thus, we found no evidence of photosynthetic acclimation in sweetgum leaves after 5 years of treatment and, despite a decline in photosynthetic capacity with age, old sun leaves also did not acclimate to CO2 enrichment.

Last Modified: 12/20/2014
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