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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: In Row and Between Row Zone Herbicide Application at Different Rates Controls Annual Weeds and Reduces Total Residual Herbicide Use in Corn (Zea Mays)

item Donald, William
item Johnson, William - UNIV OF MISSOURI
item Nelson, Kelly - UNIV OF MISSOURI
item Archer, David

Submitted to: North Central Weed Science Society US Proceedings
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: December 5, 2002
Publication Date: N/A

Technical Abstract: Zone herbicide application uses 1) crop management to enhance crop competitiveness with weeds, 2) soil residual herbicide banded over crop rows at reduced rates and 3) the same herbicide banded between rows at higher rates than over crop rows, so that total herbicide use per unit area is reduced. The goal of this research was to determine the impact of reduced rate zone herbicide application on weed control (chiefly giant foxtail, waterhemp species, common ragweed, common cocklebur, smartweed species and velvetleaf), grain yield, and economic return on herbicide investment in field corn. Preemergence zone herbicide applications of atrazine + metolachlor + clopyralid + flumesulam were made in bands at different rates between and over crop rows at two sites in Missouri. The 1X rate of atrazine + s-metolachlor + clopyralid + flumetsulam equaled 2.24 + 1.75 + 0.211 + 0.067 kg ai/ha, respectively. Treatment effectiveness was measured as reduced between-row and in-row total weed ground cover, increased crop grain yield, and increased economic return on investment. At both sites, zone herbicide application treatments (0.25X in row rate + 0.75 to 1X between row rate) outperformed all reduced rate broadcast herbicide treatments (0.25X, 0.5X and 0.75X), based on these criteria. When compared to the 1X broadcast application, zone herbicide application reduced total herbicide applied per unit area 37 to 50%. Zone herbicide application may provide farmers with a new option for reducing herbicide rates and input costs while lessening the change of surface water contamination by herbicides.

Last Modified: 4/18/2015
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