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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: A Comparison of Bromide and Nitrate Transport in Soils

Authors
item Alva, Ashok
item Paramasivam, S - SAVANNAH STATE UNIV
item Collins, Harold
item Sajwan, K - SAVANNAH STATE UNIV
item Boydston, Rick

Submitted to: Agronomy Abstracts
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: May 1, 2002
Publication Date: November 1, 2002
Citation: ALVA, A.K., PARAMASIVAM, S., COLLINS, H.P., SAJWAN, K.S., BOYDSTON, R.A. A COMPARISON OF BROMIDE AND NITRATE TRANSPORT IN SOILS. AGRONOMY ABSTRACTS (ON CD) 2002.

Technical Abstract: Sandy soils (with sand content 95-98%) are used for agricultural production, which require careful management of water, chemicals, and nutrients to minimize leaching below the rooting zone. Bromide is used as an indicator of downward transport of soluble nutrients in soils. A leching column study was conducted using a Quincy fine sand with application of 112 kg/ha Br (as KBr) and 112 kg N/ha as urea. All of Br applied was leached rapidly through 120 cm depth soil column in one pore volume of leachate. After leaching of five pore volulmes of water, the ammonium and nitrate in the leachate was somewhat equally distributed over the five PV. A study conducted in a sandy Entisol which received 112 kg/ha Br (as KBr). The applied Br leached entirely from the top 2.4 m depth soil profile within 42 days with cumulative water application (rainfall plus irrigation) of 308 mm. Within this time period, soil extractble nitrate also decreased to background concentrations (<1 mg/kg) regardless of application of different rates of N, i.e. 28 to 112 kg/ha, as ammonium nitrate.

Last Modified: 8/21/2014
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