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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Temperature and Co2 Effects on Gamagrass Photosynthetic Performance

Authors
item GITZ, DENNIS
item RITCHIE, JERRY
item Krizek, Donald
item BAKER, JEFF
item REDDY, VANGIMALLA

Submitted to: ASA-CSSA-SSSA Proceedings
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: November 11, 2002
Publication Date: August 20, 2002
Citation: GITZ, D.C., RITCHIE, J.C., KRIZEK, D.T., BAKER, J.T., REDDY, V.R. 2002 [ABSTRACT]. 2002 ANNUAL MEETING OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF AGRONOMY ABSTRACTS [[CD-ROM]. A03-GITZ133920-POSTER.

Technical Abstract: Eastern gamagrass [Tripsacum dactyloides (L.) L.] was grown in large 1 m3 bins on a sand:vermiculite mix with regular application of a complete nutrient solution in closed sunlit chambers (Soil Plant Atmosphere Research (SPAR) chambers) at 370 or 740 umol mol-1 CO2 and 20/14°, 27.5/21.5° or 35/29° day/night temperatures. Plants were allowed to develop from mid-May to mid-October. Leaf and canopy photosynthesis were investigated. Results from leaf based observations were consistent with canopy level observations. Temperature effects on assimilation were much more pronounced than CO2 effects. Increased temperatures led to increased maximal assimilation rates and increased quantum use efficiencies (as Fv/Fm and CO2 assimilation vs PAR). In plants grown at lowest temperature the maximum rate of carbon assimilation was reached at relatively low PAR flux densities (1500 umol m-2 s-1 PAR) as compared to high temperature plants (2500 umol m-2 s-1). We found no conclusive evidence of a CO2 effect on carbon assimilation in these plants.

Last Modified: 9/10/2014
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