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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Fruit Firmness and Holding Ability - Implications for Mechanical Harvesting

Author
item Ehlenfeldt, Mark

Submitted to: Blueberry Research Extension North American Workers Conference Proceedings
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: September 8, 2002
Publication Date: N/A

Technical Abstract: Fruit firmness plays a critical role in the ability of blueberry cultivars to be machine harvested. We recently completed a survey of ¿initial¿ fruit firmness in a large group of highbush cultivars and southern highbush cultivars with varying percentages of V. corymbosum L., V. angustifolium Ait., V. ashei Reade, V. darrowi Camp ancestry. The cultivars exhibited an approximately 2.4-fold difference between the softest and the firmest selections. Many of the firmest selections were newer cultivars with some V. darrowi ancestry. Cultivars also differ in their ability to retain quality once ripeness has been achieved. Several newer cultivars represent dramatic improvements in their initial firmness, and also in their ability to retain firmness and other fruit quality characteristics after ripening has occurred. The ability to retain quality presents growers with more harvest options, in that, it might allow greater percentages of ripe fruit to accumulate before harvesting, thereby minimizing harvest expenses. Initial studies, however, indicate that utilizing holding ability under field conditions may be a double-edged sword. There are trade-offs between harvest frequency and yield.

Last Modified: 4/17/2014
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