Submitted to: Merck Veterinary Manual
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: September 3, 2002
Publication Date: March 9, 2005
Citation: Swayne, D.E. 2005. Avian influenza. In: Kahn, M. The Merck Veterinary Manual. 9th edition. Whitehouse Station, New Jersey: Merck. p.2297-2298. Interpretive Summary: Not required.
Technical Abstract: Avian Influenza (AI) viruses infect domestic poultry and wild birds. In domestic poultry, AI viruses are typically of low pathogenicity (LP) causing subclinical infections, respiratory disease or drops in egg production. However, a few AI viruses cause severe systemic disease with high mortality; i.e. highly pathogenic (HP)AI. This book chapter provides general information for the veterinary practitioner on etiology, clinical signs, lesions, diagnosis, prevention and contorl of avian influenza in poultry.