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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Economic Impact of Automatic Milking Systems on Dairy Farms

Authors
item Rotz, Clarence
item Coiner, Colette
item Soder, Kathy

Submitted to: American Society of Agricultural Engineers Meetings Papers
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: May 15, 2002
Publication Date: July 28, 2002
Citation: ROTZ, C.A., COINER, C.U., SODER, K.J. ECONOMIC IMPACT OF AUTOMATIC MILKING SYSTEMS ON DAIRY FARMS. AMERICAN SOCIETY OF AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERS MEETINGS PAPERS. 2002. Paper No. 023114. 11 pp.

Technical Abstract: A farm simulation model was used to determine the whole-farm effect of implementing automatic milking systems on farm sizes of 30 to 270 cows. Over the long-term, the adoption of automatic milking provided a small gain in annual net return at farm sizes of 50-60 cows with a loss of $0-200/cow on other farms. This economic difference between automatic and traditional milking systems was least on farms where the herd size was well matched to the capacity of the milking system (about 60, 110, 170, and 230 cow herds). Milk production level of the herd had little effect on the economic difference between traditional and automatic systems, but this difference was reduced if a substantial increase in production was maintained through a greater milking frequency with automatic milking. A relatively small reduction in the initial cost of automatic equipment, an increase in the economic life of the equipment, or a large increase in the value of milking labor improved the economic return of an automatic system relative to traditional milking systems over all farm sizes.

Last Modified: 4/18/2014
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