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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Comparison of Overall Metabolism of 2,3,7,8-Tcdd in Cyp1a2 (-/-) Knockout and C57bl/6n Parental Strains of Mice

Authors
item Hakk, Heldur
item Diliberto, Janet - U.S. EPA ORD

Submitted to: Organohalogen Compounds
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: June 1, 2002
Publication Date: August 1, 2002
Citation: Hakk, H., Diliberto, J.J. 2002. Comparison of overall metabolism of 2,3,7,8-TCDD in CYP1A2 (-/-) knockout and C57BL/6N parental strains of mice. Organohalogen Compounds. 55:461-464.

Interpretive Summary: 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) is among the most toxic substances ever tested in laboratory animals. The high toxicity is exacerbated by the long whole-body half-life, and limited metabolism. A primary reason for the long half-life of TCDD is the fact that it is sequestered by a liver protein called cytochrome P4501A2. Is the sequestration of TCDD making it unavailable for metabolism by other metabolizing enzymes? This hypothesis was investigated by obtaining mice which lacked the cytochrome P4501A2 protein, and comparing overall metabolism of TCDD with a normal strain of mouse. The results of the study were that relatively little TCDD remained in the liver at 96h in mice which lacked the cytochrome P4501A2 protein, but very high levels were present in normal mice. The reverse was true of the fatty reserves in the body, where the cytochrome P4501A2 deficient mice had high concentrations of TCDD, while the normal mice had relatively low concentrations of TCDD. Overall metabolism was quantified in the urine and feces of both study groups of mice. The results indicated that the normal strain of mouse had a slightly higher level of overall metabolism than the cytochrome P4501A2 deficient mouse (11% vs. 6%). This contradicts the hypothesis that was forwarded, and leads to the conclusion that TCDD rapidly deposited in fatty tissues in the absence of the liver sequestration protein, and has an inherently low level of metabolism in mammals.

Technical Abstract: 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) is among the most toxic substances ever tested in laboratory animals, and leads to immune suppresion, reproductive abnormalities and thymic atrophy. In addition, TCDD has a long whole-body half-life and limited metabolism. The long half-life of TCDD is partially due to its sequestration by hepatic cytochrome P4501A2 (1A2). The present study attempted to determine whether TCDD is poorly metabolized inherently or is unavailable for metabolism by virtue of sequestration by 1A2. 14C-TCDD (156 µg/kg)was administered orally to a genetically engineered 1A2-deficient mouse (KO) and the normal, parental strain (C57BL/6N). Only 4.2% of the dose deposited in liver in KO mice at 96h, while 41.3% was deposited in C57BL/6N liver. Higher extrahepatic concentrations of TCDD were observed in each tissue sampled in KO mice, and ranged from 7% higher in the lung to nearly 1000% more in the thymus. These data support the conclusion that 1A2 is the hepatic binding species for TCDD. Overall metabolism was also quantified in the urine and feces of both study groups of mice. The results indicated that the C57BL/6N mice had a slightly higher level of overall metabolism than the KO mice (11% vs. 6%). This contradicts the hypothesis that was forwarded, and leads to the conclusion that TCDD rapidly deposited in fatty tissues in the absence of the liver sequestration protein, and has an inherently low level of metabolism in mammals.

Last Modified: 12/21/2014
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