Submitted to: Encyclopedia of Entomology
Publication Type: Popular Publication
Publication Acceptance Date: March 1, 2002
Publication Date: December 5, 2004
Citation: Shukle, R.H. 2004. Hessian fly, mayetiola destructor (say)(diptera:cecidomyiidae). Encyclopedia of Entomology. 1(1):27-31. Technical Abstract: The Hessian fly, Mayetiola destructor, is a destructive pest of wheat and occurs in all wheat-growing areas of the United States and most other production areas of the world. A current review of this insect including historical information, aspects of its life history, injury to wheat and evaluation of loss in grain yield/quality, control measures, resistance in wheat, genetics and evolution of biotypes of the insect, and durability of resistance in wheat are presented. Factors in the biology of the insect that can affect the development of virulent biotypes are discussed as well as strategies for deployment of genes for resistance in wheat and how they can affect the durability of resistance.