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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: A Comparison of Dalea Formosa Oils Isolated by Steam Distillation and by Solid-Phase Microextraction

Authors
item Lucero, Mary
item Estell, Richard
item Sedillo, Ruth

Submitted to: Society for Range Management Meeting Abstracts
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: January 8, 2002
Publication Date: January 8, 2002
Citation: LUCERO, M.E., ESTELL, R.E., SEDILLO, R.L. A COMPARISON OF DALEA FORMOSA OILS ISOLATED BY STEAM DISTILLATION AND BY SOLID-PHASE MICROEXTRACTION. SOCIETY FOR RANGE MANAGEMENT, NEW MEXICO SECTION WINTER MEETING. 2002. ABSTRACT P. 6.

Technical Abstract: Dalea formosa Torr. (feather dalea, featherplume) was collected from the Jornada Experimental Range in south central New Mexico. Current year's growth was collected from 10 plants, all found within an approximate 50m radius of the GPS coordinates N 32 deg 40.645' and W 106 deg 33.601' during July 2001. Composite samples of the plants were steam distilled in triplicate, and the essential oil was analyzed using both GC-FID and GCMS. Compositions of plants collected from the same site were also examined using Solid Phase Microextraction (SPME). Mass spectra and retention indices were used to identify 58 previously described compounds. All of the compounds identified in the essential oil were also seen by SPME either by GCMS or by FID. Relative amounts of some compounds varied. Differences may be due to either sampling technique or harvesting time. The advantages of using SPME include the need for much less plant material, more rapid and dreproducible sample preparation, less opportunity for oxidation of volatiles to occur, and no need for the use of organic solvents.

Last Modified: 11/20/2014
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