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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Molecular, Genetic, and Physiological Investigations of Plant Aluminum Tolerance Mechanisms

Authors
item Kochian, Leon
item Garvin, David
item Hoekenga, Owen - CORNELL UNIVERSITY
item Klein, Patricia - TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY
item Magalhaes, Jurandir - CORNELL UNIVERSITY
item Maron, Lyza - CORNELL UNIVERSITY
item Mason, Paul - CORNELL UNIVERSITY
item Mullet, John - TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY
item Pineros, Miguel - CORNELL UNIVERSITY

Submitted to: Plant Animal and Microbe Genomes Conference
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: January 12, 2002
Publication Date: N/A

Technical Abstract: Acid soils comprise up to 50% of the world's potentially arable lands, and are a major limitation to worldwide crop production. On these acid soils, aluminum (Al) toxicity is the primary factor reducing crop yields, primarily via Al inhibition of root growth. Significant inter- and intraspecific variation in plant Al tolerance exists; this variation has been exploited for many years by plant breeders to generate crops with increased Al tolerance. Additionally, over the past 10 years, there has been considerable basic research using Al tolerant and sensitive genotypes to begin to elucidate the molecular, genetic, and physiological basis for Al tolerance. Fundamental research from a number of labs has identified an important mechanism of crop Al tolerance based on Al activated release of Al detoxifying organic acids from the root tip, which is the primary site of Al toxicity. In this talk, research findings from our laboratories based on an interdisciplinary approach integrating molecular, genomic, and physiological investigations of plant Al tolerance will be presented. These findings are helping us to better understand Al tolerance mechanisms in plants and ultimately, to isolate major Al tolerance genes that can then be used to generate crops better suited for agricultural production on acid soils.

Last Modified: 12/22/2014
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