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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Landscape Parameters Influencing Availability of Soil Nitrogen for Crop Production

Authors
item McCarty, Gregory
item Gish, Timothy
item Daughtry, Craig

Submitted to: American Society of Agronomy Meetings
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: September 10, 2001
Publication Date: N/A

Technical Abstract: There is substantial need to assess the spatial structure of plant available nitrogen in agricultural ecosystems for implementation of site specific management. Efforts to develop laboratory soil tests to predict nitrogen with mineralization potential as an indicator of available nitrogen for crop growth have had limited success. While the pre-sidedress nitrate test (PSNT) has shown some promise, it has substantial logistical difficulties that hinders implementation by farmers. The importance of landscape level parameters driving the spatial structure of plant available nitrogen may explain why random point-sample methods fail. An assessment of how landscape influences the spatial distribution of processes governing the nitrogen cycle was conducted at the Beltsville Agricultural Research Center, Beltsville, Maryland. Physical, chemical and biological parameters as well as surface and subsurface topographic features were evaluated in assessing nitrogen behavior on a watershed scale. The spatial structure of various nitrogen cycling processes was found to be closely linked to surface features such as topographical curvature. These findings suggest that landscape parameters will be a critical driving force in developing nitrogen management models. Such models when used with remotely sensed data for crop nitrogen status could facilitate site specific management of nitrogen for crop production, thus leading to reduced nitrogen loss from agricultural ecosystems.

Last Modified: 8/2/2014
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