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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Ribes from the Russian Far East: Perspectives for Breeding

Authors
item Sabitov, A. - N.J.VAVILOV INST OF PLANT
item Vvedenskaya, I. - N.I.VAVILOV INST OF PLANT
item Hummer, Kim

Submitted to: Horticulture Technology
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: May 1, 2002
Publication Date: August 15, 2002

Interpretive Summary: The Far East Experiment Station (FEES) of the N.I. Vavilov All-Russian Institute of Plant Industry (VIR) is in Vladivostok. This location provides access to a wide range of genetic diversity of fruit and berry plants and their wild relatives in the Far East of Russia. One of the objectives of the Institute is to study the diversity of local wild species. Currants and gooseberries have been intensively investigated at FEES for more than 50 years. Scientists are selecting the most valuable plant material to improve crops for production. Fifteen wild currant species are native to the Russian Far East. Extensive explorations of wild Ribes have identified the locations of the widest genetic diversity for in situ conservation sites. A field collection of wild and selected plants which are adapted to the local climate has been established. The development of interspecific crosses is the best way to produce cultivars adapted for the broad needs of the Russian Far East. Wide interspecific crosses of the above species will produce cultivars suited to all Russian climatic zones, including those from the south of Primorye to the Magadan region and north Chukot. The scientists of the Far East Experiment Station are collaborating with American scientists from U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, to collect wild plants and select currants with improved qualities for crop production.

Technical Abstract: The Far East Experiment Station (FEES) of the N.I. Vavilov All-Russian Institute of Plant Industry (VIR) is close to N.I. Vavilov's east Asian genetic center of origin of cultivated plants. This location provides access to a wide range of genetic diversity of fruit and berry plants and their wild relatives in the Far East of Rusia. One of the objectives of the Institute is to study the diversity of local wild species. Ribes L. have been intensively investigated at FEES for more than 50 years. Besides estimating wild diversitiy, scientists are selecting the most valuable plant material as advanced breeder selections. Fifteen wild Ribes species are native to the Russian Far East territories. Extensive explorations of wild Ribes have identified the locations of the widest genetic diversity for in situ conservation sites. Fees maintains an ex situ field genebank with accessions which are adapted to the local climate. The development of finterspecific crosses is the best way to produce cultivars adapted for the broad needs of the Russian Far East. Wide interspecific crosses of certain species will produce cultivars suited to all Russian climatic zones, including those from the south of Primorye to the Magadan region and north Chukot.

Last Modified: 12/19/2014