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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: A Novel 20-Kilodalton Protein Conserved in Babesia Bovis and B.BIGEMINA Stimulates Memory Cd4+t Lymphocyte Responses in B.BOVIS-IMMUNE Cattle

Authors
item Brown, Wendy - WASHINGTON STATE UNIV.
item Ruef, Barbara - WASHINGTON STATE UNIV.
item Norimine, Junzo - WASHINGTON STATE UNIV.
item Norimine, Junzo - WASHINGTON STATE UNIV.
item Suarez, Carlos
item Conley, Patrick - TEXAS A&M UNIV.
item Stich, Roger - TEXAS A&M UNIV.
item Carson, Kenneth - TEXAS A&M UNIV.
item Rice-Ficht, Allison - TEXAS A&M UNIV.

Submitted to: Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: August 29, 2001
Publication Date: N/A

Interpretive Summary: In this work we describe the identification and characterization of novel 20 kD proteins conserved between B. bovis and B. bigemina . These proteins have significant sequence similarity with a family of small molecular weight heat shock proteins. The proteins are encoded by a single copy gene and contains T- and B- cell epitopes that are recognized by lymphocytes of immune cattle. The results shows that these proteins have potential for inclusion in a subunit vaccine against bovine babesiosis

Technical Abstract: Acquired immunity against the hemoprotozoan parasite Babesia bovis is believed to depend on activation of antigen-specific CD4+ T lymphocytes and IFN-? production. A strategy was employed to identify potentially protective antigens from B. bovis based on memory CD4+ T lymphocyte recognition of fractionated merozoite proteins. Fractions of merozoites separated by continuous flow electrophoresis (CFE) that contained proteins of approximately 20 kDa were previously shown to stimulate memory CD4+ lymphocyte responses in B. bovis-immune cattle with different MHC class II haplotypes. Expression library screening with rabbit antiserum raised against an immunostimulatory 20 kDa CFE fraction identified a 20 kDa protein (Bbo20) that contains a B lymphocyte epitope conserved in geographically distant B. bovis strains. An homologous 20 kDa protein that has 86.4% identity with Bbo20 and contains the conserved B cell epitope was identified in B. bigemina (Bbg20). Southern blot analysis indicated that both Babesia proteins are encoded by a single gene. Antibody against recombinant Bbo20 protein identified the antigen in CFE fractions previously shown to stimulate memory T lymphocyte responses in immune cattle. To verify Bbo20 as an immunostimulatory T lymphocyte antigen, CD4+ T cell lines were propagated from B. bovis-immune cattle with merozoite antigen and shown to proliferate significantly against recombinant Bbo20 protein. Furthermore, Bbo20-specific CD4+ T cell clones proliferated in response to several B. bovis strains and produced IFN-?. BLAST analysis revealed significant similarity of the Bbo20 a crystallin family

Last Modified: 11/23/2014
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