Submitted to: Coleopterist Bulletin
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: July 1, 2001
Publication Date: N/A
Interpretive Summary: Longhorned beetles are very important to agriculture and forestry due to their destruction of wood during their development. The genus Enaphalodes contains several important species, of which the red oak borer, Enaphalodes rufulus, is the primary cause of losses to timber stands in the eastern United States averaging $100 million per year. We describe a new species in the genus which is closely related to the red oak borer, and provide illustrations and a key to identify all the species in the genus. This study will be crucial to allow forestry workers, port identifiers, and laypersons to identify and recognize potential longhorned beetle pests.
A new species of Enaphalodes, E. archboldi Lingafelter and Chemsak, is described from Archbold Research Station, Highlands County, Florida. This localized species has been confused with A. rufulus (Haldeman), a widespread species, which it resembles. Romaleum decipiens Bates is designated as a new synonym of Enaphalodes atomarius (Drury). Romaleum cylindricum Knull is designated as a new synonym of Enaphalodes cortiphagu (Craighead). Diagnoses, habitus photographs and drawings, and a key to the nine recognized species of Enaphalodes are provided.