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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Starch Particle Volume in Single and Double-Mutant Maize Endosperm Genotypes Involving the Soft Starch (H) Gene

Authors
item Gutierrez, Osman
item Campbell, M - TRUMAN STATE UNIVERSITY
item Glover, D - PURDUE UNIVERSITY

Submitted to: Crop Science
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: May 31, 2001
Publication Date: July 1, 2002
Citation: GUTIERREZ, O.A., CAMPBELL, M.R., GLOVER, D.V. STARCH PARTICLE VOLUME IN SINGLE- AND DOUBLE-MUTANT MAIZE ENDOSPERM GENOTYPES INVOLVING THE SOFT STARCH (H) GENE. CROP SCIENCE. 2002. V.42.P.355-359.

Interpretive Summary: Starch particle volume in maize is important in the processing industry because larger granules may improve performance attributes and milling efficiency. The purpose of this research was to compare starch particle volumes of normal maize inbreds, with those of their respective single and corresponding double endosperm mutant combinations. Eighteen public maize inbreds and their single and double endosperm mutant types were planted in replicated trials at two locations in 1995 and one in 1996. Mutants included the so- called ¿amylose-extender¿, ¿dull¿, ¿waxy¿, ¿sugary-2¿, and ¿soft starch¿ types alone and in pair combinations with soft starch. Starch was extracted from mature kernels and examined for particle volume using a laser-based, particle size analyzer. Starch particle volumes were greater in all inbred conversions containing the soft starch trait than in their respective normal inbreds. Starch particle volumes of all double-mutant soft starch combinations were greater across all inbreds than their respective single-mutant counterparts. These results demonstrate that the soft starch trait masks or overrides the expression of the other mutant traits. The masking or overriding nature of the soft starch trait further enhances its usefulness for increasing starch particle volume in combinations with other endosperm starch mutants utilized to develop specialty starches with value-added traits. This research also demonstrated that the genetic variation present among maize inbreds could be useful in breeding for increased starch particle volume.

Technical Abstract:

Last Modified: 4/17/2015