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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Demonstration of Vitamin D Receptor Immunoreactivity in Osteoclasts of Human Bone

Authors
item Langub, M - UNIV. KY, LEXINGTON
item Reinhardt, Timothy
item Horst, Ronald
item Malluche, H - UNIV. KY, LEXINGTON
item Koszewski, N - UNIV. KY, LEXINGTON

Submitted to: American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: September 23, 2000
Publication Date: N/A

Technical Abstract: The present study examined the expression of the vitamin D receptor (VDR) in adult human bone by immunohistochemical analysis. Antiserum from goats immunized with an N-terminal rat VDR peptide was purified by affinity chromatography. The purified antiserum recognized both endogenous rat and recombinant human VDR in Western blots. The purified antiserum was also able to specifically supershift the recombinant human VDR when analyzed in mobility shift assays. Immunohistochemical analysis of MG-63 cells, a human osteoblastic cell line known to express the VDR, revealed prominent staining over the nuclei of these cells. Immunostaining was greatly attenuated in the presence of an excess of the immunizing peptide. Analysis of bone biopsy samples from 16 normal human subjects immunostained for VDR protein showed strong, immunopositive staining over bone cells, particularly osteoblasts, in keeping with prior studies. There was significant immunoreactivity observed in nuclei of osteoclasts, lining cells and scattered bone marrow stromal cells of normal adult human bone. Results showed that 298 osteoblasts out of 808 were immunopositive for VDR. It was also observed that 29 osteoclasts out of 125 contained VDR immunoreactivity. The ability to detect VDR in osteoclasts and stromal cell populations suggests that in addition to regulating osteoblast function, these other cell types are also direct targets of the hormone's action. These data show the novel finding that VDR is present not only in osteoblasts but also in osteoclasts of normal human adult bone. These results demonstrate the utility of this purified antiserum in detecting the VDR in a variety of molecular techniques and should prove useful in examining receptor expression in pathological conditions.

Last Modified: 11/27/2014
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