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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Protection of Cotton Foliar Tissue from Its Own Phytoactivated Phytoalexinsby Epidermal Flavonol Glucosides

Authors
item Essenberg, Margaret - OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY
item Hall, J. - OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY
item Bell, Alois

Submitted to: National Cotton Council Beltwide Cotton Conference
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: January 9, 2000
Publication Date: N/A

Technical Abstract: The hypersensitive response in leaves of bacterial blight-resistant cotton lines to infection by Xanthomonas campestris pv. malvacearum is characterized by development of red pigmentation in epidermal cells surrounding, but usually not over, the hypersensitively necrotic cells. We obtained evidence that the red cells can protect underlying, living mesophyll cells from the photoactivated toxicity of the sesquiterpenoid phytoalexins that accumulate in the necrotic cells and can diffuse into the neighboring living tissue. The red pigment was isolated and identified as the anthocyanin, cyanidin-3-Beta-D- glucoside. However, the anthocyanin has little absorbance at the wavelengths of sunlight that activate the phytoalexins. We report here the isolation of yellow flavonols, the principal one of which is quercetin-3-Beta-D-glucoside, from resistant, inoculated cotyledons. This flavonol has an absorbance peak covering the photoactivating wavelength range. Epidermal strips peeled from resistant line OK1.2, harvested 3 and 6 days post-inoculation with 3 x 10 6 cful/ml of race 1, contained 4.5 times as much flavonol per g fresh weight as epidermal strips from mock-inoculated control cotyledons.

Last Modified: 7/28/2014